Clinical Epidemiology
Stage II pressure ulcer caused by the connection of an electrocardiogram’s nonstandard probe on the patient's chest: A case report study

Hossein Rafiei

Volume 1, Issue 1 , August 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.1.2020.39686

Abstract
  The occurrence of pressure ulcers can be problematic for patients and health care systems. A medical device-related pressure ulcer (MDRPU) is considered as one of the important indicators of patient safety assessment as well as the quality of care provided to the patient. This case report concerns a ...  Read More

Molecular Epidemiology
Molecular epidemiology of VIM and IMP-producing Klebsiella isolates from urinary tract infection patients in an educational hospital

Farshad Kakian; Mohammad hoseein Rezaei; Masoud Amiri; saeid janabadi; behnam zamanzad; Abolfazle gholipour; Kourosh Naderi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.2.2020.44700

Abstract
  Background and aim:  Klebsiella is an opportunistic organism that is the cause of many nosocomial infections. The present study was designed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase (VIM) and Imipenemase (IMP)-producing Klebsiella isolates in ...  Read More

Nursing
Telenursing strategies in Iran: A narrative literature review

Parisa Fathizadeh; Haydeh Heidari; Reza Masoudi; Morteza Sedehi; Feridoun Khajeali

Volume 1, Issue 3 , October 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.3.2020.46189

Abstract
  Introduction: Tele-nursing is a modern way of promoting quality of nursing care, treatment outcome, reducing medical costs and the need for visits, patient and family involvement in decision making, and careful patient monitoring by using all kinds of technologies. The aim of this article was to determine ...  Read More

Pharmacoepidemiology
Non-inferiority trials and non-inferiority margin: an overview

Kourosh Zali

Volume 1, Issue 4 , November 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.4.2020.46956

Abstract
  The randomized controlled trial (RCT) is considered the best interventional design to assess issues related to treatment and prevention. The RCTs can have different designs including superiority, equivalence, or non-inferiority design. A superiority trial aims to detect the potential superiority of new ...  Read More

Behavioral Health
Attitude towards euthanasia and its relationship with spiritual wellbeing among nursing students in Qazvin, Iran

Mojtaba Senmar; Mohammad Reza Mostafaei; Ali Razaghpoor; Fateme Yousefi; Razie Alipour; Hossein Rafiei

Volume 1, Issue 5 , December 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.5.2020.46958

Abstract
  Background: Euthanasia and its related factors are addressed as an important ethical issue in end-of-life care nursing. It's an illegal issue in Iran. This study aimed to examine the attitude towards euthanasia in nursing students, and its relationship with their personal beliefs’ level. Methods: ...  Read More

Occupational Epidemiology
Prevalence of low back pain among the working Ethiopian population: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Amanuel Godana Arero; Godana Arero; Shimels Hussien Mohammed; Sahar Eftekhari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.1.2021.47841

Abstract
  Background and objective: Low back pain (LBP), as a musculoskeletal disorder, remains a common health problem and is one of the most prevalent occupational injuries affecting adults living in both developed and developing countries. To increase the power and improve the prevalence estimates of LBP among ...  Read More

Clinical Epidemiology
Epidemiology of Kidney Stone and Bacterial Strains with Antibiotic Resistance in Shiraz, Southwest of Iran, 2014-2019

Farshad Kakian; Mohammad Ghasemi Palangi; Nahal Hadi

Volume 2, Issue 3 , March 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.3.2021.47993

Abstract
  Background: Urinary stones are one of the major health problems worldwide and a significant part of referrals to physicians. Also, growing antibiotics resistance is an important concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of urinary stones and bacterial strains with antibiotic resistance ...  Read More

Behavioral Health
Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Intention on Evidence-Based Practice among Nurses and Midwives of Pediatric and Neonatal units

Mojtaba Senmar; Ali Razaghpoor; Faezeh Safarali; Faeze Ramezani; Neda Fallah; Saeideh Hosseini; Hossein Rafiei

Volume 2, Issue 4 , April 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.4.2021.239706

Abstract
  Background: While evidence-based practice (EBP) should be considered by all of midwifery and nursing groups, it is more important to midwives and nurses working with neonates and infants. Due to the limited number of available studies in this area, the objective of this study was to examine the knowledge, ...  Read More

COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2 infection prevalence and characteristics in domestic contacts: Study of 39 families and 132 people in a general medicine clinic in Toledo (Spain). implications for the general practitioner

Jose Luis Turabian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , February 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.2.2021.241686

Abstract
  BackgroundMost people with COVID-19 receive care at home, increasing the likelihood of exposure for household members.ObjectiveTo study the prevalence and characteristics of secondary cases in families after the appearance of a primary caseMethodologyAn observational and retrospective study of families ...  Read More

Health Practice
Development of an educational module for mothers of premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit in Iran: a narrative review

Shima Heidary; Haydeh Heidari; Roya Choopani

Abstract
  Introduction: Mothers of preterm infants, as the primary caregiver, need to learn more about their infants and the complex environment of neonatal intensive care. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the educational module for the mothers of premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care ...  Read More

Pharmacoepidemiology
Calculation of non-inferiority margin in pharmacoepidemiology: Simple methods for clinicians

Kourosh Zali

Volume 2, Issue 6 , June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.6.2021.243816

Abstract
  The presence of a placebo arm is certainly a substantial element in randomized control trials (RCTs) because the effectiveness or efficacy of a new therapy can be evaluated through a direct comparison between the test treatment and the placebo arm. Conducting a placebo-controlled RCT is often very difficult ...  Read More

COVID-19
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the Malaysian firms’ operation

Fazlollah Keshavarzi; Berry Wei Qi Ting; Betty Zhi Xin Tang; Kai Xin Chang; Fei San Chee; Kar Mey Chen

Volume 2, Issue 6 , June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.6.2021.244125

Abstract
  Background. The worldwide economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is comparable with the largest disastrous events of modern human history, such as the first and second world wars. This study investigated the nationwide impact of the pandemic on the local Malaysian firms. Methods. A cross-sectional, ...  Read More

COVID-19
Covid-19 with neuropathic pain symptom: A case-report

Samira Zouhri; Mohcine El Baroudi

Abstract
  A woman in her sixties with a normal medical history was admitted to a general medical floor with Neuropathic pain symptoms such as a burning sensation throughout her body (head, back, spine, throat, and tongue with dry mouth, chest, abdomen, kidneys, thighs, toes), inability to eat, urinary incontinence, ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiological approach to an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Ondo State, South West, Nigeria

Itse Olaoye; Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun; Stephen Fagbemi; Famokun Gboyega; Rosemary Onyibe

Volume 2, Issue 7 , July 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244239

Abstract
  Background: Acute gastroenteritis, a very common disease in humans affecting both children and adults, remains a major public health concern worldwide. Several groups of viruses have been reported as the causative agents of acute gastroenteritis. An outbreak of acute gastroenteritis with a high fatality ...  Read More

COVID-19
The potential role of Monsoon-induced humidity in India’s unexpected Covid-19 case decline and subsequent rise considering seasonality

Virendra Mane; Poorva Bhalerao

Volume 2, Issue 7 , July 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244388

Abstract
  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic was expected to affect India severely; cases rose exponentially from May-June 2020, but around mid-September reached their peak and started declining. It showed a sign of the wave’s completion by the end of January 2021. This decline was not predicted by any models ...  Read More

Patient Care
Effectiveness of family-centered empowerment program on the care needs of families of patients with a traumatic head injury

Razieh Akbari; Shayesteh Salehi; Nasrollah Alimohammadi

Volume 2, Issue 8 , August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.8.2021.244538

Abstract
  Background: Most survivors of traumatic head injury, due to functional disorders, are dependent on their family members. In fact, these families are at the forefront of many challenges and stresses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a family-centered empowerment program ...  Read More

Psychoepidemiology
Evaluation of the effect of individual education-supported needs assessment for anxiety among elderly candidates of open-heart surgery

Hossein Tavangar; Farzan Madadizadeh; Zohre Kalani; Razie Beygi Rizi; Zakieh Tavakoli; Mostafa Shokati Ahmad Abad

Volume 2, Issue 8 , August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.8.2021.244539

Abstract
  Background: The presence of pain and anxiety in a patient affects the results and, therefore, the process of healing, as well as the postoperative complications. Therefore, this study was performed to gauge the effect of individual education-supported needs assessment on anxiety among elderly patients ...  Read More

WHO
WHO Community Engagement Package: A Reinforcement of an Inclusive Approach to Global Public Health

Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke; Yolanda V. Bayugo; Ukam Ebe Oyene; Jonathan Abrahams; Nina Gobat; Suvajee Good; Mary Manandhar; Samar Elfeky; Ana Gerlin Hernandez Bonilla; Nicole Valentine; Jackeline Alger; Qudsia Huda; Saqif Mustafa; Maria Isabel Echavarria; Ankur Rakesh; Taylor Warren; Jostacio Moreno Lapitan; Jana Deborah Mier-Alpano; Dayo Spencer-Walters; Meredith Del Pilar Labarda; Mihai Mihut; Aphaluck Bhatiasevi; Obinna I. Ekwunife

Volume 2, Issue 7 , July 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244835

Abstract
  Community Engagement (CE) plays a crucial role in successful public health actions, achieving universal health coverage, and the realization of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. It has emerged as an effective strategy across different settings through prevention, preparedness, readiness ...  Read More

Patient Care
Challenging care experiences among caregivers of hemodialysis patients

Fatemeh Ghapanvari; Seyedehzahra Hosseinigolafshani

Volume 2, Issue 9 , September 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.9.2021.245203

Abstract
  Background: Recent studies on hemodialysis patients have focused more on the suffering caused by physical and psychological problems in them, and they have paid less attention to their caregivers. Since the caregivers of these patients are intensively affected by the physical and psychological problems ...  Read More

Clinical Epidemiology
Prevalence of Prehypertension in Nigeria: a Systemic Review and Meta-analysis

M.A. Bashir; A.I. Yahaya; Mukhtar Muhammad; Ashiru Hassan Yusuf

Volume 2, Issue 9 , September 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.9.2021.245213

Abstract
  Prehypertension is a borderline blood pressure status associated with both higher incidence of cardiovascular disease as well as higher risk of progression to hypertension. The rising burden of hypertension and prehyperension globally is a serious concern to all and sundry. This study aims to estimate ...  Read More

Clinical Epidemiology
Breathing exercise and respiratory parameters in chronic kidney disease patients with hemodialysis

F. Aliakbari; F. Safei; F. Deriss; S. Salehitali

Volume 2, Issue 10 , October 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.10.2021.245581

Abstract
  Introduction:  Patients with chronic renal disease are at risk for dyspnea, which can have a negative impact on their quality of life. The current study aims to investigate the influence of breathing exercise on respiratory parameters in hemodialysis patients due to a lack of agreement on the efficacy ...  Read More

Behavioral Health
The knowledge of medical students about aging and its related factors in Yazd, Iran

Kian Nourozi Tabrizi; Maedeh Mortezanasab; Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahboulaghi; Mostafa Shokati Ahmad Abad; Mahdi Noroozi

Volume 2, Issue 11 , November 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.11.2021.245812

Abstract
  Background: Medical students must have sufficient expertise to provide health services to the old as the global population of the elderly grows. Few research, however, have looked into this issue among medical, health, and nursing students. As a result, the purpose of this study was to look into the ...  Read More

Epidemiology
An Epidemiological evaluation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance performance in Ondo State; Nigeria, 2016-2020

Itse Olaoye; Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun; Ekun Opeyemi; David Adeleke; Tsemaye Jacdonmi; Stephen Fagbemi; Famokun Gboyega; Abiona Samuel; Adefesoye Victor Akinpelumi; Onyibe Ifeoma Rosemary

Volume 2, Issue 12 , December 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.12.2021.246984

Abstract
  Background: The last case of the indigenous Wild Polio Virus in Ondo state was in 2008, and the last Polio compatible infection was in 2010. Poliovirus transmission was stopped thanks to the World Health Organization's (WHO) standards, which included acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. We wanted ...  Read More

COVID-19
Prevalence of COVID-19 symptoms and RT-PCR tests among professional football players of Iranian two top leagues

Hooman Angoorani; Soheila Masoudi; Molood Jafari Fesharaki; Bita Zoghalchi; Paniz Jahani; Marzieh Urumieh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2022

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.3.1.2022.247403

Abstract
  Background: Following the resumption of football training and competitions during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it was necessary to tighten up the hygiene protocol and impose restrictions such as prohibiting spectators from entering stadiums and the detection of positive disease cases, ...  Read More

HIV/AIDS
Prevalence and Incidence rate of HIV/AIDS in West Africa

Ayouba A. Fofana; Nimetcan Mehmet

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2022

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.3.1.2022.247746

Abstract
  Background: In Africa, HIV is one of the most serious public health issues. The purpose of this study was to look into the prevalence and incidence rates of HIV/AIDS in West Africa across all age ranges and population groups.Methods: This is a comprehensive study of published and unpublished studies ...  Read More