Document Type : Conceptual Article

Authors

1 Country Readiness and Strengthening Department, Health Emergencies Program, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

2 Learning and Solution Unit, Health Emergencies Program, World Health Organization, Lyon Office, France

3 Disaster Risk Management and Resilience Unit, Health Security and Preparedness, Health Emergencies Program, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

4 World Health Organization- Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO), New Delhi, India.

5 Demographic Change and Healthy Ageing Unit, Department of Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

6 Community-Based Initiatives and Healthy Settings, Department of Healthier Populations, World Health Organization, Regional Office of Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt

7 Social Innovation in Health Initiative (SIHI), SIHI Secretariat, University of Philippines, Manila, Philippines

8 Social Determinants of Health Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

9 Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Honduras (UNAH), Tegucigalpa, Honduras

10 Integrated Health Services Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

11 Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas (CIDEIM), Colombia

12 Country Readiness and Strengthening WHO Health Emergencies Programme Geneva, Switzerland

13 Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences University of Manila, Philippines.

14 WHO Special Programme on Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva Switzerland

15 Department of Medical Anthropology University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

16 Social Innovation in Health Initiative (SIHI), SIHI Hub, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244835

Abstract

Community Engagement (CE) plays a crucial role in successful public health actions, achieving universal health coverage, and the realization of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. It has emerged as an effective strategy across different settings through prevention, preparedness, readiness and response, and recovery towards attaining community resilience, Primary Health Care (PHC) strengthening and universal health coverage (UHC), health security, and sustainable development. We reviewed the existing literature and various data sources and found that several CE training packages are available from international partners, focusing on the principles, theories, general questions, and CE techniques. However, there are still challenges because they are often fragmented, with little or no systematic procedures to guide the CE processes in different settings.In this light, WHO initiated a discourse on the CE Package (CEP) development in consultation with some selected international partners. The CEP Project will focus on developing a database, learning, and workshop packages based on curation of CE experiences in different settings using defined criteria. The CEP would harmonize CE processes and facilitate the reinforcement of the CE integration into public health. Further, the CEP Project serves as a collection of selected best practices for pre-service and in-service training packages for health professionals. Also, there is an anticipated inclusion into curricula of health training institutions and WHO staff capacity development. Finally, the database for compiling best practices is designed such that it can be periodically updated and becomes a compendium of CE for learning, research, and informing practice.

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