Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Students Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord. Iran

3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord. Iran.

4 School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

5 Psychosis Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Department of Community Medicine, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia

7 Department of Public Health, Iran

10.51757/IJEHS.3.2022.254985

Abstract

The prevalence of COVID-19 is a new and serious threat to public health. The said disease has affected almost all important economic, political, social, and even military aspects of many countries of the world. Therefore, the psychological effects of this viral disease on psychological health of different levels of society are very important, and it requires scientific studies. This study investigated the effects of COVID-19 on psychological distress and anxiety in Iran.

This cross-sectional (descriptive-analytical) study was the first large-scale global study of psychological distress and anxiety in the public society, and it was based on the participation of people from some Asian countries during the COVID-19 epidemic. In this article, only the results from Iran were presented. The sample size for this study was 1480 people, and a standard questionnaire named COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI) with Cronbach's alpha of 0.82 was used. The data were analyzed through SPSS software version 25.

Results: It was indicated that 1171 (79%) participants were female and 309 (21%) participants were male. The mean score obtained from the CPDI Questionnaire was 54.16±6.13. There was a significant relationship between the age group and the total score of psychological distress and anxiety (p=0.0002). The results showed that there was a significant relationship between anxiety variables and education (p = 0.0001), monthly income (p = 0.008), and gender (p = 0.019).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that most of the participants in the study are in an unfavorable situation in terms of psychological distress and anxiety.

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