Background: The aging process, starting at the age of 60, is accompanied by various biological, physiological, anatomical, and biochemical changes. Transitioning into old age brings about distinct consequences in physical, psychological, and social aspects. Considering the significance of mental well-being during old age, this study aimed to compare the state of stress, anxiety, and depression between elderly residents and non-residents of nursing homes.
Methods: This cross-sectional study embraced a total of 264 elderly participants, selected through the census method. Data were collected using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS) questionnaire.
Results: The mean and standard deviation of the age of the elderly participants in the study were 69.64 ± 9.35 and 202 (76.5%) of the participants were female and 62 (23.5%) were male. The findings of the study showed that the mean and standard deviation of stress in the elderly who are kept at home were (11.28±8.85), anxiety (10.45±8.16) and depression (9.09±8.25). The mean and standard deviation of stress, anxiety, and depression in the elderly who were kept in nursing homes are (17.18±8.08), (18.08±9.63) and (15.57±10.97), respectively. There was a significant difference between stress, anxiety, and depression among elderly residents living at home and nursing homes (P=0.00).
Conclusion: The study findings indicate that elderly people residing in nursing homes experience higher levels of stress, anxiety, and depression compared to those living in their own homes. As a result, it is crucial to implement long-term strategies aimed at reducing mental health issues among the elderly population.