Background: While evidence-based practice (EBP) should be considered by all of midwifery and nursing groups, it is more important to midwives and nurses working with neonates and infants. Due to the limited number of available studies in this area, the objective of this study was to examine the knowledge, attitude, and intention of midwives and nurses of pediatrics and neonatal units regarding EBP.
Methods: This study was taking place in 2019 in Iran. A descriptive analytical study was carried out with 125 midwives and nurses working in pediatrics and neonatal units. The knowledge, attitude, and intention were assessed through a 34-item Rubin and Parrish questionnaire. Of these 34 items, 10, 14, and 10 items could assess the knowledge, attitude, and intention of the participants, respectively.
Results: The total average knowledge score was 36.7 with a standard deviation of 5.6. The overall average of attitude score was 45.4 with a standard deviation of 4.7. The overall average of intention score was 38.1 with a standard deviation of 5.4. Two factors of “participating in EBP workshops” and “participating in research projects and having published articles” were the two factors that resulted in an increase in the level of knowledge, positive attitude, and a rise in the level of intention regarding EBP (p <0.05). Moreover, higher education has significantly increased the intention to use EBP (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Participants in this study had a moderate level of knowledge, moderate intention, and a relatively positive attitude toward EBP. It is recommended that this situation be improved by providing training courses and workshops on EBP and involving clinical nurses and midwives in research projects.