COVID-19
Wearing Face Mask for COVID-19 Prevention: A timely example of Prevention Paradox

Moslem Taheri Soodejani; Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaei

Abstract
  A "prevention paradox," according to Thompson, is a type of prevention that has many benefits for the entire population but may not be as beneficial to each individual as it is to the entire community. COVID-19 is one of the most mysterious developing viruses in history, capable of being transmitted ...  Read More

HIV/AIDS
Prevalence and Incidence rate of HIV/AIDS in West Africa

Ayouba A. Fofana; Nimetcan Mehmet

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2022

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.3.1.2022.247746

Abstract
  Background: In Africa, HIV is one of the most serious public health issues. The purpose of this study was to look into the prevalence and incidence rates of HIV/AIDS in West Africa across all age ranges and population groups.Methods: This is a comprehensive study of published and unpublished studies ...  Read More

Epidemiology
An Epidemiological evaluation of Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance performance in Ondo State; Nigeria, 2016-2020

Itse Olaoye; Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun; Ekun Opeyemi; David Adeleke; Tsemaye Jacdonmi; Stephen Fagbemi; Famokun Gboyega; Abiona Samuel; Adefesoye Victor Akinpelumi; Onyibe Ifeoma Rosemary

Volume 2, Issue 12 , December 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.12.2021.246984

Abstract
  Background: The last case of the indigenous Wild Polio Virus in Ondo state was in 2008, and the last Polio compatible infection was in 2010. Poliovirus transmission was stopped thanks to the World Health Organization's (WHO) standards, which included acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. We wanted ...  Read More

Psychoepidemiology
Evaluation of the effect of individual education-supported needs assessment for anxiety among elderly candidates of open-heart surgery

Hossein Tavangar; Farzan Madadizadeh; Zohre Kalani; Razie Beygi Rizi; Zakieh Tavakoli; Mostafa Shokati Ahmad Abad

Volume 2, Issue 8 , August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.8.2021.244539

Abstract
  Background: The presence of pain and anxiety in a patient affects the results and, therefore, the process of healing, as well as the postoperative complications. Therefore, this study was performed to gauge the effect of individual education-supported needs assessment on anxiety among elderly patients ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiological approach to an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Ondo State, South West, Nigeria

Itse Olaoye; Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun; Stephen Fagbemi; Famokun Gboyega; Rosemary Onyibe

Volume 2, Issue 7 , July 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244239

Abstract
  Background: Acute gastroenteritis, a very common disease in humans affecting both children and adults, remains a major public health concern worldwide. Several groups of viruses have been reported as the causative agents of acute gastroenteritis. An outbreak of acute gastroenteritis with a high fatality ...  Read More

COVID-19
The potential role of Monsoon-induced humidity in India’s unexpected Covid-19 case decline and subsequent rise considering seasonality

Virendra Mane; Poorva Bhalerao

Volume 2, Issue 7 , July 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.7.2021.244388

Abstract
  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic was expected to affect India severely; cases rose exponentially from May-June 2020, but around mid-September reached their peak and started declining. It showed a sign of the wave’s completion by the end of January 2021. This decline was not predicted by any models ...  Read More

Pharmacoepidemiology
Calculation of non-inferiority margin in pharmacoepidemiology: Simple methods for clinicians

Kourosh Zali

Volume 2, Issue 6 , June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.6.2021.243816

Abstract
  The presence of a placebo arm is certainly a substantial element in randomized control trials (RCTs) because the effectiveness or efficacy of a new therapy can be evaluated through a direct comparison between the test treatment and the placebo arm. Conducting a placebo-controlled RCT is often very difficult ...  Read More

COVID-19
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the Malaysian firms’ operation

Fazlollah Keshavarzi; Berry Wei Qi Ting; Betty Zhi Xin Tang; Kai Xin Chang; Fei San Chee; Kar Mey Chen

Volume 2, Issue 6 , June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.6.2021.244125

Abstract
  Background. The worldwide economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is comparable with the largest disastrous events of modern human history, such as the first and second world wars. This study investigated the nationwide impact of the pandemic on the local Malaysian firms. Methods. A cross-sectional, ...  Read More

Clinical Epidemiology
Epidemiology of Kidney Stone and Bacterial Strains with Antibiotic Resistance in Shiraz, Southwest of Iran, 2014-2019

Farshad Kakian; Mohammad Ghasemi Palangi; Nahal Hadi

Volume 2, Issue 3 , March 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.3.2021.47993

Abstract
  Background: Urinary stones are one of the major health problems worldwide and a significant part of referrals to physicians. Also, growing antibiotics resistance is an important concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of urinary stones and bacterial strains with antibiotic resistance ...  Read More

COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2 infection prevalence and characteristics in domestic contacts: Study of 39 families and 132 people in a general medicine clinic in Toledo (Spain). implications for the general practitioner

Jose Luis Turabian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , February 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.2.2021.241686

Abstract
  BackgroundMost people with COVID-19 receive care at home, increasing the likelihood of exposure for household members.ObjectiveTo study the prevalence and characteristics of secondary cases in families after the appearance of a primary caseMethodologyAn observational and retrospective study of families ...  Read More

Occupational Epidemiology
Prevalence of low back pain among the working Ethiopian population: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Amanuel Godana Arero; Godana Arero; Shimels Hussien Mohammed; Sahar Eftekhari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.2.1.2021.47841

Abstract
  Background and objective: Low back pain (LBP), as a musculoskeletal disorder, remains a common health problem and is one of the most prevalent occupational injuries affecting adults living in both developed and developing countries. To increase the power and improve the prevalence estimates of LBP among ...  Read More

Pharmacoepidemiology
Non-inferiority trials and non-inferiority margin: an overview

Kourosh Zali

Volume 1, Issue 4 , November 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.4.2020.46956

Abstract
  The randomized controlled trial (RCT) is considered the best interventional design to assess issues related to treatment and prevention. The RCTs can have different designs including superiority, equivalence, or non-inferiority design. A superiority trial aims to detect the potential superiority of new ...  Read More

Molecular Epidemiology
Molecular epidemiology of VIM and IMP-producing Klebsiella isolates from urinary tract infection patients in an educational hospital

Farshad Kakian; Mohammad hoseein Rezaei; Masoud Amiri; saeid janabadi; behnam zamanzad; Abolfazle gholipour; Kourosh Naderi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.51757/IJEHS.1.2.2020.44700

Abstract
  Background and aim:  Klebsiella is an opportunistic organism that is the cause of many nosocomial infections. The present study was designed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase (VIM) and Imipenemase (IMP)-producing Klebsiella isolates in ...  Read More